1
Birth certificate of Ernest William Christmas.
2

South Australian Births - Index of Registrations 1842-1906 (South Australian Genealogy & Heraldry Society Inc.)

The time of the Christmas family's move to Kadina can be deduced as being about 1874 from the location of the births of Christmas's younger siblings. This would make Christmas 11 years old, rather than the 7 years cited in a number of obituaries.

3
Who Was Who (1916-1928)
4
Obituary in The Observer (Adelaide, Australia, 7 September 1918).
5
“A South Australian Artist: Mr E W Christmas” in The South Australian Register (Adelaide, Australia) 19 July 1899.

For further information about the Ruby Rush, refer to Rubies and the Ruby Rush

6
Encyclopedia of Australian Art Volume One A-K by Alan McCulloch (Pub: Hutchinson of Australia, 1984).
7
Dated paintings by E W Christmas.
8
The South Australian Register (Adelaide, Australia) 3 November 1897.
9
Unidentified publication (a dictionary of New Zealand Artists).
10
Catalogue to exhibition of E W Christmas’s paintings held at Bendigo, Victoria, Australia in April 1899.
11
Unassisted Immigration to Victoria: Index of Inward Passenger Lists for British, Foreign and New Zealand Ports 1852-1923 (www.proarchives.imagineering.com.au).
12
1901 census for England & Wales.
13
Interview with E W Christmas "About Art and Artists: A Talk with Mr E W Christmas" in The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia, 18 September 1903).
14
Report in The Age (Melbourne, Australia, 1 Sep 1902).
15
Interview with Ernest William Christmas in Table Talk (Melbourne, Australia, November 1902).
16
The Observer, (Adelaide, Australia, 24 February 1906).
17
Kelly's Directory of Chiswick, Gunnersbury and Hounslow (London, 1910 & 1911).
18
Royal Academy Exhibitors 1905-1970 Volume II CAS-D (East Ardsley, Wakefield: E P Publishing Limited, 1977) .
19
Walker Art Gallery Exhibition Catalogue no.107 (Autumn 1913).
20
Ship's manifest list (www.ellisislandrecords.org).
21
Argentina Past and Present by W H Koebel (Adam & Charles Black, London, 1914).
22
Cited in several obituaries and in The Jewel Room by Ben Macomber (San Francisco, 1915).
23
City Directory for Honolulu (1917).
24
Article entitled “Visiting Artist Exhibits Interesting Pictures” in Maui News (28 Sep 1917).
25
Brief announcement in Maui News (30 Nov 1917).
26
Article entitled “An Adventurer for Art’s Sake” in journal Paradise of the Pacific (Dec 1918).
27
Article entitled “Local Artist Designs Striking Food Saving Poster” in in Maui News (10 May 1918).
28
Obituary in Maui News (2 August 1918).
29
Discharge Register for 1918 of Queen's Hospital, Honolulu, Hawaii.
30
Death certificate of Ernest William Christmas.
31
Obituary in the Honolulu Advertiser (30 Jul 1918).
32
Will of Ernest William Christmas at Principal Probate Registry, London, England, 1918.
33
34
The National Archive: Outgoing Ships' Passenger Lists - 1902 London to Sydney Ref BT27/383 (Available online at findmypast.com).
35
The National Archive: Outgoing Ships' Passenger Lists - 1911 London to Buenos Aires Ref BT27/722/2/44/1 (Available online at findmypast.com).
36
The National Archive: Outgoing Ships' Passenger Lists - 1913 Southampton to New York Ref BT27/1826 (Available online at findmypast.com).
37
38
39
Artists in California, 1786-1940 by Edan Milton Hughes (Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum, 2002).
40
Ship Passenger Lists at The National Archives accessed via Ancestry.co.uk